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Ufc Sport Navigation menu VideoEa Sports UFC 3: Epic Gameplay feat. CM Punk vs. Conor Mcgregor (UFC 3 Champions Edition!) Retrieved August 22, January Glücksspirale 11.05 19, Cash bonuses are also awarded for "Fight of the Night" and "Performance of the Night" formerly awarded separately as "Knockout of the Night". Bwinn Cerrone Mega Bonusprogramm Miller. The UFC had a reputation, especially in the early days, as an extremely violent event, as evidenced by a disclaimer in the beginning of the UFC 5 broadcast which warned audiences of the violent nature of the sport.
The tournament was inspired by the Gracies in Action video-series produced by the Gracie family of Brazil which featured Gracie jiu-jitsu students defeating martial artists of various disciplines such as karate , kung fu , and kickboxing.
The tournament would also feature martial artists from different disciplines facing each other in no-holds-barred combat to determine the best martial art and would aim to replicate the excitement of the matches Davie saw on the videos.
Davie drafted the business plan and twenty-eight investors contributed the initial capital to start WOW Promotions with the intent to develop the tournament into a television franchise.
Art Davie functioned as the show's booker and matchmaker. Royce Gracie's submission skills proved the most effective in the inaugural tournament, earning him the first ever UFC tournament championship  after submitting Jimmerson, Shamrock, and Gordeau in succession.
The show proved extremely successful with 86, television subscribers on pay-per-view. It's disputed whether the promoters intended for the event to become a precursor to a series of future events.
Never in a million years did these guys think they were creating a sport. He says, "Clearly, both Campbell and Meyrowitz shared my unwavering belief that War of the Worlds [note 1] would be a continuing series of fighting tournaments—a franchise, rather than a one-night stand.
With no weight classes, fighters often faced significantly larger or taller opponents. During this early part of the organization, the UFC would showcase a bevy of different styles and fighters.
Although the first events were dominated by jiu-jitsu, other fighting styles became successful: first wrestling, then ground and pound , kickboxing, boxing, and dirty boxing , which eventually melded into modern mixed martial arts.
Davie continued with SEG as the show's booker and matchmaker, as well as the commissioner of Ultimate Fighting, until December It banned biting and eye-gouging, and allowed techniques such as hair pulling, headbutting , groin strikes , and fish-hooking.
In a UFC 4 qualifying match, competitors Jason Fairn and Guy Mezger agreed not to pull hair—as they both wore pony tails tied back for the match.
That same event saw a matchup between Keith Hackney and Joe Son in which Hackney unleashed a series of groin shots against Son while on the ground.
The UFC had a reputation, especially in the early days, as an extremely violent event, as evidenced by a disclaimer in the beginning of the UFC 5 broadcast which warned audiences of the violent nature of the sport.
This proved an important development, because singles matches would feature fighters who suffered no prior damage from a previous fight in the same event, unlike tournament matches.
The "Superfight" would eventually completely phase out tournament matches; by UFC Brazil , the UFC abandoned the tournament format for an entire card of singles matches aside from a one-time UFC Japan tournament featuring Japanese fighters.
The violent nature of the burgeoning sport quickly drew the attention of the U. McCain himself led a campaign to ban the UFC, calling it "human cockfighting", and even sending letters to the governors of all fifty US states asking them to ban the event.
Thirty-six states enacted laws that banned "no-holds-barred" fighting, including New York, which enacted the ban on the eve of UFC 12 , forcing a relocation of the event to Dothan, Alabama.
In response to the criticism, the UFC increased cooperation with state athletic commissions and redesigned its rules to remove the less palatable elements of fights while retaining the core elements of striking and grappling.
UFC 12 saw the introduction of weight classes and the banning of fish-hooking. For UFC 14 , gloves became mandatory, while kicks to the head of a downed opponent were banned.
UFC 15 saw limitations on hair pulling, and the banning of strikes to the back of the neck and head, headbutting, small-joint manipulations, and groin strikes.
With five-minute rounds introduced at UFC 21 , the UFC gradually re-branded itself as a sport rather than a spectacle.
As the UFC continued to work with the athletic commissions, events took place in smaller U. The markets included states that are largely rural and less known for holding professional sporting events, such as Iowa, Mississippi, Louisiana, Wyoming, and Alabama.
With other mixed martial arts promotions working towards U. As the UFC's rules started to evolve, so too did its field of competitors.
After the long battle to secure sanctioning, SEG stood on the brink of bankruptcy, when Station Casinos executives Frank and Lorenzo Fertitta and their business partner Dana White approached them in , with an offer to purchase the UFC.
That is what's going to make this thing work. Everybody knows that brand, whether they like it or they don't like it, they react to it.
The UFC slowly, but steadily, rose in popularity after the Zuffa purchase, due partly to greater advertising,  corporate sponsorship, the return to cable pay-per-view and subsequent home video and DVD releases.
The Best Damn Sports Show Period aired the first mixed martial arts match on American cable television in June , as well as the main event showcasing Chuck Liddell vs.
Vitor Belfort at UFC UFC 40 proved to be the most critical event to date in the Zuffa era. The event was a near sellout of 13, at the MGM Grand Arena and sold , pay per view buys, a rate roughly double that of the previous Zuffa events.
It was the first time the UFC hit such a high mark since being forced "underground" in Shamrock saved the UFC from bankruptcy; the buyrates of the previous Zuffa shows averaged a mere 45, buys per event and the company was suffering deep monetary losses.
Throughout the years, things were happening, and everything always looked bleak. It always looked like, this is it, this is going to be the last time.
This is going to be the last year. The energy of that fight, it was phenomenal, and it was the first time I honestly said, it's going to make it.
Faced with the prospect of folding, the UFC stepped outside the bounds of pay-per-view and made a foray into television. After being featured in a reality television series, American Casino ,  and seeing how well the series worked as a promotion vehicle, the Fertitta brothers developed the idea of the UFC having its own reality series.
Their idea, The Ultimate Fighter TUF was a reality television show featuring up-and-coming MMA fighters in competition for a six-figure UFC contract, with fighters eliminated from competition via exhibition mixed martial arts matches.
It was pitched to several networks, each one rejecting the idea outright. The show became an instant success, culminating with a notable season finale brawl featuring light heavyweight finalists Forrest Griffin and Stephan Bonnar going toe-to-toe for the right to earn the six-figure contract.
The live broadcast of the season finale drew a very impressive 1. Following the success of The Ultimate Fighter , Spike also picked up UFC Unleashed , an hour-long weekly show featuring select fights from previous events.
After a very successful run on Spike and with the upcoming announcement of the UFC's new relationship with Fox , Spike officials made a statement regarding the end of their partnership with the UFC, " The Ultimate Fighter season 14 in September will be our last Our 6-year partnership with the UFC has been incredibly beneficial in building both our brands, and we wish them all the best in the future.
Along with the network change, episodes are now edited and broadcast within a week of recording instead of a several-month delay, and elimination fights are aired live.
With increased visibility, the UFC's pay-per-view buy numbers exploded. For the rest of , pay-per-view buy rates continued to skyrocket, with , buys for UFC Hughes vs.
The surge in popularity prompted the UFC to beef up its executive team. Ratner, once an ally of Senator McCain's campaign against no holds barred fighting, became a catalyst for the emergence of sanctioned mixed martial arts in the United States.
Ratner lobbied numerous athletic commissions  to help raise the UFC's media profile in an attempt to legalize mixed martial arts in jurisdictions inside and outside the United States that had yet to sanction the sport.
The sport's popularity was also noticed by the sports betting community as BodogLife. Initial intentions were for both organizations to be run separately but aligned together with plans to co-promote cards featuring the champions and top contenders from both organizations.
On June 18, , Lorenzo Fertitta accommodated the UFC's growth by announcing his resignation from Station Casinos in order to devote his energies to the international business development of Zuffa, particularly the UFC.
Popularity took another major surge in with UFC and the 10 events preceding it including UFC 90 , 91 , 92 , 94 , and UFC was a massive success garnering 1.
United Kingdom. UFC was unique in that it drew significant interest from ESPN , which provided extensive coverage of the event in the days preceding and following it.
The buzz from UFC was hampered significantly in the second half of after a rash of injuries and other health-related issues   —including Brock Lesnar's life-threatening bout with diverticulitis  —forcing the organization to continuously scramble and reshuffle its lineup for several events.
However, the momentum gradually began to pick up in the first quarter of after victories from defending champions Georges St-Pierre and Anderson Silva, as well as Lyoto Machida's first career defeat to "Shogun" Rua for the UFC Light Heavyweight title.
The event as a whole was critically acclaimed in the media    for living up to the hype with a number of exciting fights that were featured on the televised card.
The fight produced Velasquez's eighth knockout or technical knockout in his first nine MMA fights. On November 5, the UFC had their first exhibition in New York City after years of being delayed by government officials and red tape with a dramatic first match, Conor McGregor vs.
Eddie Alvarez. The WEC held its final card on December 16, As a result of the merger, the UFC absorbed WEC's bantamweight, featherweight and lightweight weight divisions and their respective fighters.
I'm extremely proud and happy that I was involved with something that will now be part of what may be, some day, the largest sports organization in the world.
Under Zuffa's ownership, Strikeforce made minor changes, including adopting the Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts in full, closing the promotion's men's weight classes below lightweight, and ceasing promotion of amateur undercard bouts.
After an extension was reached to continue Strikeforce through , the promotion's heavyweight division sans Heavyweight Grand Prix finalists was merged into the UFC, and the promotion's Challengers series was ended.
The final Strikeforce show was Strikeforce: Marquardt vs. Saffiedine on January 12, , after which the promotion was dissolved and all fighter contracts were either ended or absorbed into the UFC.
The deal includes four events on the main Fox network, 32 live Friday night fights per year on their cable network FX , 24 events following The Ultimate Fighter reality show and six separate Fight Night events.
In the main event, Junior dos Santos abruptly dethroned then-undefeated UFC heavyweight champion Cain Velasquez by knock-out at in the first round.
The telecast peaked with 8. One of the other programming opportunities that emerged was a weekly UFC magazine-style show. Fox Sports produced the pre- and post-shows.
Pierre vs. She would successfully defend her title six times over a grand total of 1, days, before she was defeated by Holly Holm on November 15, , at UFC On December 11, , the UFC purchased the contracts of 11 female fighters from Invicta Fighting Championships to launch their pound Strawweight division.
Team Melendez , along with eight additional fighters signed up for the tournament via open tryouts. The United Kingdom has been home to 16 events.
The first was UFC 38 held in London in Brandao 5 years later. Barnett in Johnson in Cro Cop 2 in The promotion did not return to Brazil until for UFC , but since then, the country has hosted a further 20 events.
Hooker in February In Asia, the UFC has visited 5 countries. Nelson , the seventh event there. Lim in Faber in The Ultimate Fighter has had international editions as well: Brazil since , Australia vs.
United Kingdom — , China , Canada vs. Australia — , and Latin America In December , an antitrust lawsuit was filed against Zuffa by several fighters, claiming the organization restricts fighters' control over their careers and earning potential.
Throughout , debate over venues and possible case dismissals ensued. Ultimately, the case moved to Nevada federal courts, where Zuffa was denied its motion to stay discovery for 15 years of its financial records.
This has caused an ongoing debate and struggle over how UFC sensitive information should be handled, and who may view it. Especially concerning MMAFA founder, Rob Maysey who has taken the lead in representing the former athletes and has stated he hopes to achieve reforms similar to the Ali Act Later that year, a 12—16 month investigation began that is expected to last until sometime between September to January Because it was a privately owned company, no official comment was made from the UFC or Dana White regarding the sale.
At the time, it marked the largest-ever acquisition in sports. Lorenzo Fertitta stated that the new ownership, "with whom we've built a strong relationship over the last several years, is committed to accelerating UFC's global growth", and that they "share the same vision and passion for this organization and its athletes.
As a result of the sale, Fertitta stepped down as chairman and CEO. The deal also gives M-1 champions the opportunity to sign with UFC.
Endeavor Group said in a statement "Endeavor will continue to evaluate the timing for the proposed offering as market conditions develop"  The Wall Street Journal reported the under performance of the recent IPO for Peloton was a contributing factor.
Harris , would be postponed to future dates. It was originally to be held at Barclays Center , but a stay-at-home order was issued by the New York state government.
He also disclosed plans to secure a private island , known as "Fight Island", to host events with international fighters. The new UFC venue was subsequently revealed to be Tachi Palace —a tribal casino in Lemoore, California ; as it is on tribal land, it also fell outside of the jurisdiction of the California State Athletic Commission , meaning that events held there could be self-sanctioned.
White cited interventions from high-ranking staff of the UFC's U. Harris were scheduled to take place at the same venue on May 13 and May 16, respectively.
No other athletes or staff tested positive for the disease. The UFC USADA testing program became effective on July 1, , and includes a minimum of 2, drug tests per year with an average of five tests per fighter, and punishments to fighters who fail the tests.
Fighters must participate in the testing pool for at least six months prior to a fight in order to qualify for a UFC event.
The same rule applies to returning fighters who were terminated or whose contracts were not renewed at the decision of the UFC.
Previously, returning or terminated fighters were required to undergo four months of testings prior to competing in a fight. For fighters who are subjected to post-fight testing the in-competition testing ends after any post-fight testing is done.
In September , indicated no announcements would be made on fighters who have been flagged for a potential doping violation until the entire adjudication processes are conducted with the results of the potential doping violation.
These rules are also used by many other promotions within the United States, becoming mandatory for those states that have adopted the rules, and so have become the standard de facto set of rules for professional mixed martial arts across the country.
UFC matches vary in maximum length, depending on whether the match is for a Championship title, or is a fight card's "main event" fight.
In all fights, each round can be no longer than five minutes. Championship fights last for a maximum of five rounds. Beginning with UFC on November 5, , non-championship "main event" fights i.
Non-main event bouts last for a maximum of three rounds. Kampmann featured the organization's first two flyweight fights as part of its first flyweight tournament, which consists of bouts that, in the event of a draw, go to a fourth "sudden victory" round held to determine the winner, who advances.
There is a one-minute rest period between rounds. Originally, SEG trademarked the concept as well as the term and prevented other mixed martial arts promotions from using the same type of cage, but in Zuffa gave permission for other promotions to use octagonal cages, reasoning that the young sport needed uniformity to continue to win official sanctioning.
Today Zuffa reserves exclusive use of the name "The Octagon". The UFC cage is an octagonal structure with walls of metal chain-link fence coated with black vinyl.
It has foam padding around the top of the fence and between each of the eight sections. It also has two entry-exit gates opposite each other.
All competitors fight in approved shorts, without shoes. Tops are only approved for female competitors.
Required safety equipment include padded gloves, mouthguard , and protective cups held in place with a jockstrap for males. Originally the attire for UFC was very open.
Many fighters still chose to wear tight-fitting shorts or boxing-type trunks, while others wore long pants or singlets.
Several wore wrestling shoes. UFC president Dana White was so furious about the fighter's choice of attire that he awarded an honorary "getting those horrifying shorts off TV as soon as possible" bonus to Ebersole for finishing the fight in the first round, and in following post-fight interviews made it clear that speedo style shorts will no longer be tolerated.
Financial terms of the six-year partnership were not released, but UFC officials said that though the agreement represents the most valuable non-broadcast contract the company has ever signed, the UFC will not directly profit from the new deal.
Instead, company execs said the deal is structured so that the "vast majority of the revenue" from the deal — taking out only the costs associated with administering the new program — will be paid directly to UFC fighters.
Payment on the new deal was originally expected to be based on the fighter's spot in the official UFC rankings , with the exception of the UFC champions.
Fighters ranked No. In addition to the per-fight rate, fighters would also receive royalty payments representing 20 percent of any UFC merchandise sold that bears their likeness.
The royalty program would also include retired fighters and continue in perpetuity. The deal itself was reported to be worth 70 million dollars which was what the fighters would be paid over the next six years which is roughly thousand dollars per UFC fight card.
Exceptions are made in the event of title fights, with champions and title challengers receiving greater compensation. All kits feature the fighter's name on the back of the jersey and fighters have the option to choose between a universal kit or a country kit, related to his nationality.
There is also a champion kit, designed to be used only by title holders. The new deal meant that beginning with fight week for UFC in Las Vegas, existing sponsors no longer appear on fighter clothing — not only on fight night, but also at all pre-fight media appearances — and in-cage sponsor banners have also eliminated.
Fighter camps are outfitted with approved clothing to create a uniform look in athletes' corners. Existing sponsors are still welcome to support UFC fighters.
However, third-party logos are no longer allowed on UFC broadcasts, other than title-sponsor slots — similar to those seen with European soccer clubs — that the UFC may eventually sell to "a major, global brand" down the road.
In the event of a draw, it is not necessary that the fighters' total points be equal see, e. Uno, or UFC 43 Freeman vs.
However, in a unanimous or split draw, each fighter does score an equal number of win judgments from the three judges 0 or 1, respectively. Additionally, if a title fight ends in a draw, the defending champ retains the title.
The ten-point must system is in effect for all UFC fights; three judges score each round and the winner of each receives ten points while the loser receives nine points or fewer although 10—10 rounds are given in the rare event that a judge feels the rounds was too close to warrant giving one fighter 10 and the other 9.
Scores of 10—8 are typically awarded for dominant rounds and anything more dominant is scored less. The Nevada State Athletic Commission currently lists the following as fouls: .
When a foul is charged, the referee in their discretion may deduct one or more points as a penalty. If a foul incapacitates a fighter, then the match may end in a disqualification if the foul was intentional, or a no contest if unintentional.
If a foul causes a fighter to be unable to continue later in the bout, it ends with a technical decision win to the injured fighter if the injured fighter is ahead on points, otherwise it is a technical draw.
Fights that occur on The Ultimate Fighter are classified as exhibition matches under NSAC sanctioning, and thus do not count toward the professional record of a fighter.
Match outcomes also do not need to be immediately posted publicly, which allows for fight results to remain unknown to the public until the airdate of the episode.
For two-round matches, if there is a draw after two rounds, an extra five-minute round " sudden victory " is contested.
If the extra round concludes without a stoppage, the judges' decision will be based on that final round. These exhibition matches variably have two or three rounds, depending on the rules used for each season.
In most seasons, preliminary matches before the semi-final bouts were two rounds; in season two, all matches had three rounds.
All matches past the first round use three rounds as per standard UFC bouts. During the finales for each series, the division finals have the standard three rounds, plus a fourth round if the judges score a tie.
Non-title fights have a one-pound leniency. In title fights, the participants must weigh no more than that permitted for the relevant weight division.
The Commission may also approve catch weight bouts, subject to their review and discretion. For example, the Commission may still decide to allow the contest the maximum weight allowed is pounds if it feels that the contest would still be fair, safe, and competitive.
As of 27 January , it was announced through Twitter by Bruno Massami that the UFC has decided to separate its pound-for-pound ranking. Men and women will have their own pound-for-pound rankings.
MMA journalists and fans have criticized the UFC for putting on too many shows and thus diluting the quality of their product.
For 20 years  Joe Rogan and Mike Goldberg provided commentary at live events. Jacob "Stitch" Duran was one of the best known cutmen working for the organization.
UFC fighters are paid per fight, with amounts depending on how well-known the fighters are and how well sponsored a fighter and an event is.
Fighters will typically get paid money to fight, called show money, with an additional bonus if they win, called a win bonus. Occasionally, fighters will earn more.
Cash bonuses are also awarded for "Fight of the Night" and "Performance of the Night" formerly awarded separately as "Knockout of the Night".
For less well-known fighters, they can be several times larger than the contracted amount for the fight. UFC is contractually bound to offer every fighter three fights per calendar year and if they don't, the organization has to pay the fighter for the lacking fights.
For example, if the UFC offers a fighter only one fight during the year, they have to pay the fighter for two additional fights. However, if a fight is offered but turned down by the fighter, it is still counted as an offered fight from the contractual viewpoint.
The agreement gives THQ exclusive rights to current and next-generation consoles as well as to PC and handheld titles. Also included are "certain wireless rights" which were not detailed.
The licensing agreement was set to expire in , although it appeared to have been extended to Limited edition versions include fabric walk out tees or paint variations and are limited in number with foil and holographic packaging variances.
As of [update] the schedule envisages the release of these figures in November They have currently been 8 series released and they feature special Legends, Pride, and WEC style figures as well.
Three 2 packs series have also been released, as well as several expo and internet exclusives. There are also several different octagon cage playsets that have been released, including the "Octagon Playset", "Official Scale Octagon Playset", and "Electronic Reaction Octagon Playset".
A Pridestyle ring playset was also originally planned; however, no news have been given on its status or release date since then. They have since been released onto boxsets which feature around 10 events each set, in chronological order.
UFC on-demand content launched for Xbox on December 20, Subscribers are able to view pay-per-view events in high definition, connect with friends to predict fight results, and have the ability to compare fighter statistics and records.
In Brazil, events are broadcast live on Combate Channel from Globosat. Rede Globo 's are broadcast tape-delayed from am. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 4 December For other uses, see UFC disambiguation. Mixed martial arts promoter based in Las Vegas.
Las Vegas , Nevada. United States. Main article: Women's mixed martial arts. See also: Mixed martial arts weight classes.
See also: List of UFC champions. Main article: List of UFC events. Main article: List of UFC records.
Retrieved December 31, January 29, Archived from the original on July 10, The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 19, Retrieved July 2, Ultimate Fighting Championship.
Retrieved September 23, Retrieved May 12, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Archived from the original on July 1, Retrieved June 27, Bleacher Report.
April 27, Retrieved November 19, The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, Retrieved October 1, February 20, MMA Fighting. October 31, Retrieved May 25, Wall Street Journal.
Retrieved April 30, Retrieved November 5, Retrieved September 23, — via YouTube. Ascend Books. Fighter profile for Keith Hackney , Sherdog.
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