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When we receive calls for help, we will bring the kitty into one of our foster homes. We will evaluate and vet the new cat to ensure it is healthy and able to be adopted.
Kitty Queen Cat Rescue is a non-profit rescue organization. We rescue, care for, foster, and re-home unwanted or homeless cats. Because cats that live in shelters spend most of their day cooped up in a cage, our cat-loving rescue team wants to provide a better, healthier way of living during their transition.
Fill out the Adoption App. Set up a time to visit the Cat Lounge. Bring a carrier with you in case you find love and want to take a cat home. This keeps people from abusing visiting privileges by telling us they are only there to adopt.
Party for a cause! We love to have fun and we love it even more when we can have fun AND help our regal felines in the process. Stay up-to-date with upcoming fundraising events or let us know if you have an idea or would like to help organize a sponsorship event.
The origin of the English word 'cat', Old English catt , is thought to be the Late Latin word cattus , which was first used at the beginning of the 6th century.
It is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic".
The English puss , extended as pussy and pussycat , is attested from the 16th century and may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte , related to Swedish kattepus , or Norwegian pus , pusekatt.
The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat. A male cat is called a tom or tomcat  or a gib ,  if neutered.
An unspayed female is called a queen ,  especially in a cat-breeding context. A juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten.
In Early Modern English , the word kitten was interchangeable with the now-obsolete word catling. The scientific name Felis catus was proposed by Carl Linnaeus in for a domestic cat.
In , the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ruled that the domestic cat is a distinct species, namely Felis catus. This line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domestic cat populations of today.
The earliest known indication for the taming of an African wildcat F. Since there is no evidence of native mammalian fauna on Cyprus, the inhabitants of this Neolithic village most likely brought the cat and other wild mammals to the island from the Middle Eastern mainland.
This commensal relationship between early farmers and tamed cats lasted thousands of years. As agricultural practices spread, so did tame and domesticated cats.
Greek, Phoenician , Carthaginian and Etruscan traders introduced domestic cats to southern Europe. During domestication, cats have undergone only minor changes in anatomy and behavior, and they are still capable of surviving in the wild.
Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have pre-adapted them for domestication as pets. These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.
Captive Leopardus cats may also display affectionate behavior toward humans, but were not domesticated. The domestic cat has a smaller skull and shorter bones than the European wildcat.
Males are larger than females. The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful specialized jaw.
When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth , inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord , causing irreversible paralysis and death.
These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication. The cat is digitigrade.
It walks on the toes, with the bones of the feet making up the lower part of the visible leg. It registers directly by placing each hind paw close to the track of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks.
This also provides sure footing for hind paws when navigating rough terrain. As it speeds up walking to trotting, its gait changes to a "diagonal" gait: The diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.
Cats have protractable and retractable claws. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey.
The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading , or for extra traction on soft surfaces.
Cats shed the outside layer of their claw sheaths when scratching rough surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.
The dewclaw is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger".
This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping.
Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.
The domestic cat has slit pupils , which allow it to focus bright light without chromatic aberration. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.
It can hear a range of It can detect ultrasound , which enables it to detect ultrasonic calls made by rodent prey. Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa , about 5.
It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercaptomethylbutanol ,  which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans or so versus more than 9, on the human tongue. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers vibrissae over their body, especially their faces.
These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.
Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for sitting in high places, or perching. A higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch.
Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters 9.
This reflex is known as the cat righting reflex. Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average.
Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep lightly for a brief period.
While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.
The social behavior of the domestic cat ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.
These territories are marked by urine spraying , by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.
Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling and, if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks.
Despite this colonial organization, cats do not have a social survival strategy or a pack mentality , and always hunt alone.
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals.
Ethologically , the human keeper of a cat functions as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother. Their high-pitched sounds may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly difficult for humans to ignore.
In particular, older cats show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.
The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats. A raised tail indicates a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility.
Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy , with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate ones.
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens.
Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,   or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive.
The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coats to keep them clean.
These contain keratin which makes them rigid  so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming.
Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut , as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.
Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.
When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.
They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites.
Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears.
However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated.
In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus. The shape and structure of cats' cheeks is insufficient to suck.
They lap with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.
Feral cats and free-fed house cats consume several small meals in a day. The frequency and size of meals varies between individuals. They select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.
Cats reject novel flavors a response termed neophobia and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant ; the sugar in milk is not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.
This condition, pica , can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten. Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,  and are often used as a form of pest control.
Perhaps the best-known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture.
This cat and mouse behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. One explanation is that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy , in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.
Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction.
The South Island piopio , Chatham rail ,  and the New Zealand merganser  are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren , which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.
In Australia, the impact of cats on mammal populations is even greater than the impact of habitat loss. Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play.
This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.
Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry. They become habituated to a toy they have played with before. Female cats called queens are polyestrous with several estrus cycles during a year, lasting usually 21 days.
They are usually ready to mate between early February and August. Several males, called tomcats, are attracted to a female in heat. They fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate.
At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually, the female allows the male to mate. After mating, the female cleans her vulva thoroughly.
If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female attacks him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.
The morula forms hours after conception. At hours, early blastocysts form. At 10—12 days, implantation occurs. Data on the reproductive capacity of more than 2, free-ranging queens were collected during a study between May and October They had one to six kittens per litter , with an average of three kittens.
They produced a mean of 1. Of kittens, died before they were six months old due to a trauma caused in most cases by dog attacks and road accidents.
Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks of age. Queens normally reach sexual maturity at 5—10 months, and males at 5—7 months.
This varies depending on breed. Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age, when they are ready to leave their mother.
Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty , at about three to six months.
The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent decades. In the early s, it was about seven years,  : 33  rising to 9. Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.
About two hundred fifty heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors of metabolism.
Vaccinations are available for many infectious diseases, as are treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.
The domestic cat is a cosmopolitan species and occurs across much of the world. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.
Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.
Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.
Some feral cats can be successfully socialised and 're-tamed' for adoption; young cats, especially kittens  and cats that have had prior experience and contact with humans are the most receptive to these efforts.
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur  and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;  and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively  about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies 's one  and over the Internet,   but such a task does not seem simple to achieve.
He is reported to have photographed 90, cats during his career and maintained an archive of , images that he drew from for publications during his lifetime.
A cat show is a judged event in which the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat-registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.
Competing cats are compared to the applicable breed standard,  and assessed for temperament and apparent health; the owners of those judged to be most ideal awarded a prize.
Moggies are judged based on their temperament and healthy appearance. Some events also include activity judging, such as trained navigation of obstacle course.
Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded to champion cats.
Cats can be infected or infested with viruses , bacteria , fungus , protozoans , arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.
The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.
In ancient Egypt , cats were worshipped , and the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.
The Greek historian Herodotus reported that killing a cat was forbidden, and when a household cat died, the entire family mourned and shaved their eyebrows.
Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis , where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.
Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats. The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.
The usual ancient Greek word for 'cat' was ailouros , meaning 'thing with the waving tail'. Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature.
Aristotle remarked in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous. In Ovid 's Metamorphoses , when the deities flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana turns into a cat.
Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family and, according to Italian folklore , on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus , a cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans.
In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune. The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.
It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.
Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills.
The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres , Belgium , is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet cat parade. According to Norman Davies , the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized ".
James Frazer wrote that "It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned.
The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands.
In Louis XIV , crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall.
But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people.
Similarly at Gap , in the department of the Hautes-Alpes , cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire. According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives.
In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,   while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.
Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the species that is commonly kept as a pet.
For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat disambiguation and Cats disambiguation. Domesticated felid species. For technical reasons , "Cat 1" redirects here.
For the album, see Cat 1 album. Conservation status. Linnaeus , . Main article: Cat evolution. See also: Evolution of the domesticated cat.
Main article: Cat anatomy. Main article: Cat senses. Play media. See also: Cat intelligence. Main article: Cat communication. See also: Cat nutrition.
Main article: Cat predation on wildlife. Main article: Cat play and toys. See also: Kitten. Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats. Main article: Feline diseases.
Main article: Feral cat. Main article: Human interaction with cats. Main article: Cat show. Main article: Feline zoonosis. The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii. Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt.
Cats portal Mammals portal. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis in Latin.
Holmiae: Laurentii Salvii. In Wilson, D. M eds. Johns Hopkins University Press. Systema regni animalis per classes, ordines, genera, species, varietates cvm synonymia et historia animalivm.
Classis I. Lipsiae: Weygandt. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. In Turner, D. The domestic cat: the biology of its behaviour Second ed.
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